Maples: propagation by cuttings

View previous topic View next topic Go down

Maples: propagation by cuttings

Post  giangus on Sun Aug 12, 2012 9:50 pm

There are many ways to propagate maples for bonsai, from April to the end of August, I mainly use the propagation by cuttings for many varieties of maples.


At first, I prepared the cuttings, spring stems, here the variety is Acer palmatum 'Deshojo'.


After 3 weeks, the concentration of stem cells at the base of the cutting, and and a new root system will appear.


New root system is formed (Acer deshojo), after 4 weeks, rooting rate is about 70%.


Rooted trident maples, rooting rate is about 90%, after 4 weeks.


I mainly used peat moss plus wood charcoal as the substrate.



Regards,
giang
www.lotus-bonsai.com

giangus
Member


Back to top Go down

Re: Maples: propagation by cuttings

Post  Sam Ogranaja on Sun Aug 12, 2012 10:15 pm

Thank you for taking the time to post this. Very useful.

Have a great week!!!
Sam

Sam Ogranaja
Member


Back to top Go down

Re: Maples: propagation by cuttings

Post  Victorghirotto on Sun Aug 12, 2012 11:05 pm

Nice! Do you use hormones? i didn't have luck with some acer cuttings, all died. They even developed roots, but then the branches started to acquire a black color, and they died. Maybe u know why?

Thanks.

Victorghirotto
Member


Back to top Go down

Re: Maples: propagation by cuttings

Post  Steven on Mon Aug 13, 2012 12:25 am

I have personally only had luck rooting cuttings (and having them survive) from seed grown acer species, common reds and greens, tridents, amur, field maple, and north american native varieties, I have read that most grafted species do not do well, or have a high survival rate if rooted, however I have also read of a few nurseries and varieties that have had higher success rates. With my red and green j. maple cuttings I use a rooting hormone, I generally have not had to with my tridents or field maples.

Steven
Member


Back to top Go down

Re: Maples: propagation by cuttings

Post  JimLewis on Mon Aug 13, 2012 1:09 am

Victorghirotto wrote:Nice! Do you use hormones? i didn't have luck with some acer cuttings, all died. They even developed roots, but then the branches started to acquire a black color, and they died. Maybe u know why?

Thanks.

Probably, your soil was too wet.

_________________
Jim Lewis - lewisjk@windstream.net - Western NC - People, when Columbus discovered this country, it was plumb full of nuts and berries. And I'm right here to tell you the berries are just about all gone. Uncle Dave Macon, old-time country musician

JimLewis
Member


Back to top Go down

Re: Maples: propagation by cuttings

Post  Victorghirotto on Mon Aug 13, 2012 1:23 am

JimLewis wrote:Probably, your soil was too wet.

Ouch, i think that was it! I'm used to Ficus cuttings, they like wetness. And, i have a certain concern about the soil dry out.

Thanks, i shall try again Very Happy

Victorghirotto
Member


Back to top Go down

Re: Maples: propagation by cuttings

Post  giangus on Mon Aug 13, 2012 6:17 am

Hello,
For any type of propagation, we need to be clean as the way we prepare our daily food in order to limit the development of micro organisms. Black branches, stems... are due to moisture. At night I let open my green houses, till 10am, then i start spaying fresh water to maintain the freshness of the cuttings for the whole day. In this way, we allow good air circulation and avoid moisture on the leaves.

I dont use any type of hormones. There are some maple varieties easy can be propagated easily by cuttings such as Deshojo, Phoenix, Katsura, Orange Dream, Koto Hime, Seigen....but some are very difficult such as Osakazuki, in this case, I propagate by seedlings or grafting on the Acer palmatum.

Now, it's a great time for propagation any type of green leaf trees such as Punica, Ficus, Bougainviller, Carmona, Seregetia, Serissa, Prunus mume, Prunus triloba, Olea, Zelkova, Ulmus, Wrightia, Jaminum, Largerstroemia...

For the Juniperus, Podocarpus,and bamboo, I propagate later in winter.

regards,
giang

giangus
Member


Back to top Go down

Re: Maples: propagation by cuttings

Post  Rick36 on Mon Aug 13, 2012 10:02 am

Hello Giang. I see Prunus mume in you list. I've not had any good results with this yet - do you have any special method or tips for this? Cheers. Rick.

Rick36
Member


Back to top Go down

Re: Maples: propagation by cuttings

Post  Carolee on Mon Aug 13, 2012 2:44 pm

At first, I prepared the cuttings, spring stems, here the variety is Acer palmatum 'Deshojo'.

Please give more detail regarding the manner of preparation for the cuttings. Thank you.

Carolee
Member


Back to top Go down

Re: Maples: propagation by cuttings

Post  Victorghirotto on Mon Aug 13, 2012 5:11 pm

Hi giangus. Thanks for the answer!
Actually, i keep the cuttings in no greenhouse. Ficus cutting do well here.

And here in Brazil now is winter. And its hot anyway... I even have one ulmus and one acer, they are sprouting now at these days.

Thanks.

Victorghirotto
Member


Back to top Go down

Re: Maples: propagation by cuttings

Post  giangus on Fri Aug 17, 2012 12:23 pm

Hi Rick,
At first, I prepare the Prunus mume genitors in March, in greenhouse with frequent fertilizations and watering. in this way till of May, I have well developed stems to propagate by cuttings.


A 20cm Prunus mume stem (2 months old)


I selected just 2 cuttings from the base. At this phase, the stem is strong enough to resist against fungis and soft eanough to contain embryo cells to form a calus before creating a new root system.


I cut off the pair of leaves into half to reduce the evaporation, as the cuttings live on their own reserve.



Prunus mume propagation by cuttings usually doesnt give us an expected rooting rate, professional nurseries often propagate by seedlings and grapting on the Prunus myrobalan.

@Carolee,
I prepare the Acer palmatm this way:

A 20cm branch (between 6 & 10 weeks old)

I selected the 2 first cuttings from the stem base.

I reduced the leaves into half.

I do the same way for:









giang

giangus
Member


Back to top Go down

Re: Maples: propagation by cuttings

Post  Rick36 on Fri Aug 17, 2012 12:49 pm

giang - thankyou very much for that detail and for sharing your expertise/experience. I will try again following that method closely. Cheers. Rick.

Rick36
Member


Back to top Go down

Re: Maples: propagation by cuttings

Post  Rui Marques on Mon May 11, 2015 4:44 pm

Would like to see how are your cuttings.

Rui Marques
Member


Back to top Go down

Re: Maples: propagation by cuttings

Post  Sponsored content Today at 6:30 pm


Sponsored content


Back to top Go down

View previous topic View next topic Back to top


 
Permissions in this forum:
You cannot reply to topics in this forum